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Monkeypox : Symptoms and infection.

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2022-05-26 11:39:30

        Monkeypox is a disease that is closely related to chickenpox and smallpox but less affect. The patient will have a fever with a rash and pustules all over the body. The disease was first seen in monkeys, which it was called monkeypox.

        Monkeypox is caused by the Othopoxvirus, which is in the same family as the human chickenpox virus, but is much less virulent. There are two main types of this virus: Central and West Africa and experts say There is a low risk of infection.

        There is no specific treatment or vaccine for monkeypox. But the outbreak can be controlled by smallpox vaccinating that can help prevent 85%.

        Patients will show symptoms about 12 days after infection. Initial symptoms including fever, cold, headache, sore throat, swelling, back pain, muscle aches enlarged lymph nodes, fatigue, later a rash appears usually starts on the face first then spreads to other parts of the body, mostly on the palms and soles.

        This rash can be severely irritated and has undergone many changes before the rash turns into pustules in the last stage, the pustules will become scaly and come off. This lesion can cause scarring, and the illness lasts about 2-4 weeks. Most patients recover from the disease on their own approximately 1% of patients may die from complications such as pneumonia.

        Othopoxvirus enters the body through cracks in the skin, respiratory system or through the eyes, nose or mouth. The virus has been reported to be spread by contact with objects contaminated with the virus, such as bedding and clothing.

How to prevent monkeypox

   - Avoid contact with sick animals. vector animals, especially monkeys and rodents.

   - Wash your hands regularly with soap or alcohol gel especially after touching animals or public items

   -Avoid contact with secretions, wounds, blood, lymph of animals.

   - Wear a mask when traveling to places that are at risk of spreading.

   -Avoid contact with secretions, wounds, pustules or clear blisters from those with a history of risk or suspected to be infected. In the case of being exposed to the infection, preventive vaccination should be done if it is less than 14 days.